RTS Lab

Research Projects

1-Pars Arial Rescue robot:

Pars is an Arial robot which is designed and made for saving human lives. The first purpose of building the robot is the relief of people drowning near coastlines. By developing its applications, it can be used in ships and off shore reliefs. It can also be used in other applications such as monitoring of marine and off shore structures, recording films and pictures from dangerous path ways for rescue missions, precise positioning and monitoring of off shore disasters and aid in firefighting.

The designed robot uses new technologies for guidance and navigation. Some of the technologies used are artificial intelligence, sound and image processing, autopilot search and rescue and a wide combination of sensor technologies. The robot is very simple and also very applicable and can play a significant role in saving the injured people.

The Savior Arial robot is designed in a way that it can quickly move towards drowning people by user guidance and activates its savior system. This system releases life tubes for the drowning ones. Considering that many people drown all over the world every year, this robot can decreases the duration of rescue operations and save more lives.

Applied Innovations in This Method:

1-The robot has the Ability to save more than one life simultaneously at a mission; for example, if several people simultaneously were sinking at the coast, this robot could send life tubes to each one very quickly.

2-The robot is waterproof and it can land on the sea surface. When the robot faces an accident or in low battery situations it lands on sea, to not see more damage or sink.

3- So far 3 pads have been considered for the robot that gives it the ability to save 3 lives in one operation; by using chemical materials for bloating the life pads, the pads can be increased to more than 15 in number.

4-The robot uses artificial intelligence for accurate analysis of the condition it’s in.

5-The robot is designed with a FLIR heating camera for recognizing the injured ones at night and also uses LED lightening to be recognized at night and activates its intelligence system when people shout for help.

6-It is simply installed and applied in different parts related to marine issues, from coastline to installation in the ships and oil platforms.

7-The robot is controlled from a central control cabin. In ships the robot has special platforms and is controlled from the ships control cabin. In case of an accident there is no need for starting up the robot, it launches from the applied platform and is always ready for flying.

8-The robot can track its path by GPS positioning and at the end of its mission it can come back home without the need of user guidance. After returning, it lands on its platform and starts charging its batteries.

9-A sea platform has also been designed for the robot. This platform used satellite data for its control and it uses solar energy for its energy. It is always in the water and the robots are ready for action. When a marine incident occurs it quickly operates and sends the robots to the event to help. (This platform is not for coast relief)

10-We have considered many designs for the robots future applications including a robot manipulator and the ability to moving and install savior cables and there connection to other places.

The robot is being developed and we are at the begging of our way. A few tests have been done with one life pad connected to the robot to see the stability and speed of the robot.

What are the main customer benefits compared to existing solutions?

1-The surface floating remote control robot for rescue in coastlines: The Emily robot which was made in Switzerland and known as one of 50 best inventions by the Times Newspaper in 2010 [1] is a good example. It’s noteworthy that our robot has many advantages in comparison with the Emily robot that makes our robot unique. We can mention some of Emily’s disability as: 1-Emily can’t save more than one person simultaneously in one mission 2-It has difficulties reaching the injured when the coastline is too crowded.

2-related to ships and marine platforms, boats are usually used for saving people. This method takes a lot of time. At the first moments of the disaster Pars can be sent to the incident to do initial aid until the lifeguards arrive. The robot helps rescuers to have better control of the disasters situation and its role is to promote the saving operation.

3-Saving by Airplanes and Helicopters: This method is one of the most applicable ones for saving human lives till now. The Pars robot plays a role to promote the saving operations here too.

4-Simple manual control and guidance of the robot, in a way that each person without having high technical education is able to learn how to work with it within a few days and do the saving operations.

5-The robot is Low weighted and is simply transported.

6-The robots operation doesn’t depend on coastline conditions as like a stormy sea or a crowded sea (many people swimming in the coastline).

7-Simple and quick access to the accident location: for instance, if a person falls from high coastline rocks in to the sea, saving the person might take a lot of time but by using this robot the time will decrease and on the other hand we will receive films from the robot that will help us estimate the depth of the tragedy and necessary equipment’s needed.

8-The robot can be used in crises management for investigating the strength of the catastrophe and saving the injured. For instance the robot can be used within floods or earthquakes.

10-­The robot has the Ability to save more than one life within a mission;         other methods don’t have this ability. For example, surface floating remote controlled robots or humans are usually unable to save more than one life but in many disasters many people might need help simultaneously.

What is the Status of the idea, how far has it been developed?

We have defined 4 phases for the robot to get in to the market:

Phase 1: Robot ready to do saving tests in coastlines. It means that the robot is ready to do the coastline saving and investigation operations.

Phase 2: Adding the special abilities of the robot like using artificial intelligence for quicker relief, landing on water surface and so on.

Phase 3: Full prototype ready for testing in real conditions. Eliminating the robots problems and getting it ready for mass production.

Phase 4: Limited production and marketing of the robot.

At the time we are in phase 1 and the robot has been built as shown in figure 11 (at the end of the file) and a few tests have been taken.

How did you come up with this idea?

In the Name of God-“Whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely” [2]

By hearing news about sunken people in Caspian Sea on the north of Iran, we thought about finding a solution for saving lives of humans who were drowning in the sea. According to statistics of our country, during the last 8 years, 46500 people have been in drowning situations in the Coast of the Caspian Sea and from this amount more then 1100 have died[3,4]. For solving this problem, at the first step, we made a savior floating robot of beaches (which is shown in figures) after manufacturing and testing it successfully, we thought of manufacturing a robot with higher capabilities that would be able to act in operations quickly and precisely and we came up with the idea of the flying savior robot. Our main purpose of making this robot is to save human lives. It is necessary to mention that before building the robot, we sent the idea of the robot to the first national congress of savior robots in Gorgan which was held by Red Crescent organization. The Pars robot was chosen as thebest idea” of the congress and this encouraged us to build the robot.

Aim groups and customers:

1-    Relief & saving Organizations, as like Red Cross and Red Crescent

2-    Lifeguard Federations

3-    Marine security companies

4-    Oil and gas industries for investigation of marine structures

5-    Oil and gas industries for marine relief missions

6-    Coastline police

7-    Ship owners and ship makers

8-    Firefighting organizations

9-    National Lifeguard Services

10-­ Crisis management organizations

Describe the functionality of the robot:

The operations of some parts of the robot have been mentioned as follows:

The Savior Arial robot and its mechanisms are controlled by motors, sensors, control circuits, mechanical systems and micro controller programming. The machine uses several servo motors for controlling and releasing rescue pads (tubes). These servos receive a signal from the microprocessor and pull a latch that causes the release of the life pads. Considering the specialization of the team members in making The robots platform is used for charging its batteries while not in action.

The Method of charging; in first mode, the connection between the platform base with the battery is logged off and it will connect when the charge of the battery is lower than a determined limit. The base uses conductive small blocks for charging the batteries.

Does the concept work now?  

Manufacturing the primary functions of the robot has successfully ended. Because of the huge amount of the robots capabilities, we have not yet implemented all of them. For example, we have used three axle accelerometer sensors and three axle gyroscope, Gps, Barometer and compass sensors now but we haven’t applied ultrasonic sensors yet.

How much fund is needed for industrialization the plan?

We need financial support and investment for mass production of the plan. All expenses of building a prototype have been provided by the team up to now.

Expense for industrial prototyping of the robot will be around about 30000 to 40000 dollar.

References:

[1]http://emilyrobot.com/press/
[2] Holy Quran Surat Al-Mā’idah Ayah 32.
[3]http://www.magiran.com/npview.asp?ID=1632666 (in persian)

2-Industrial Water Sampler Robot

The robot concept:

The water sampler is made up of two robots: 1- A robot that measures water parameters 2- A robot that takes water samples
To measure water parameters, the robot is dropped into the water, it moves to the depth of the water with its motor and measures data from the water like the PH of water, the exact density of the fluid, the amount of nitrate in the water, water temperature, dissolved oxygen and chlorine levels. The Robot records all the data and when it gets to the surface, it sends the entire data to the operator wirelessly.
The second robot takes water samples in to containers for Closer examinations in the lab. (This is done after the first robot does its measuring and according to the information gained from it. This stage is done on the customers demand.

What is new or unique with this idea?

1-The robot has a lower density then water so when a problem occurs in the robots function like circuit problems that might disable the movement of the robot, the robot will come back to the surface of the water automatically.
2- The measuring robot works automatically and is capable of measuring the essential data needed to obtain the quality of the water.
3- The robot records video of damaged wells and dams and it can show the exact depth of the robot according to where it is in the video.
4- The water sampler robot takes water samples from different depths of the water for measuring water parameters.
5- Both of the robots are easily transported and they are user friendly
6- A prominent feature of the robot is that it can be used every were as like in dams, lakes, wells and oceans and so on.
7- The robot can give the user a large range of information essential for
knowing the water quality.
8- Both robots measure the density of the water precisely and use the calculated density, in the formulas of calculating the depth and speed of the robot. (The density of water is different in seas, lakes…)

what has been done:

A prototype of the robot has been designed and built. The prototype is capable of automatically taking water samples at different water depths and also calculating the density of the water with high precision.

3-Unmanned Surface Vehicle for beach rescue

The robot is used to save human lives in marine disasters especially at sea coasts, the drowning person can be thrown on the vehicle and brought back to the coast.

Click on the pictures to see them full size


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